They do it with mirrors: The Others (2001) explained

the-others-2001-analysis-explained

Exploring the inverted Gothic horror of The Others – and how the film telegraphs its twist from the very start.

What is The Others about?

When her husband never returns from the war, Grace (Nicole Kidman) is left to care for the children and their once-grand mansion house. The children are photosensitive, so the family spend their days locked up and completely alone. Then three strangers arrive claiming to be servants, an event that coincides with strange noises, unexplained events – and the feeling they’re not alone in the house after all.

The big reveal

Some movies are so well known for their twists that the ending becomes common knowledge, a cultural currency that outpaces almost everything else about the film. That’s true of The Others as much as Sixth Sense; coincidentally, both share the same dramatic reveal.

The characters who tell this story are dead – they just don’t know it yet. And, for much of the film, neither do we.

… except we kinda do.

When Charles (Christopher Eccleston) doesn’t come back from the war, the grief is too much for Grace. She smothers their children with a pillow, then shoots herself.

But what should be the end of the story becomes the beginning. According to Grace, the moment of death is a reset button. Instead of dying, she’s still alive – and so are the children.

Catholic Grace thinks God has given her a second chance. So the family continue their strangely isolated life exactly as before – until the new servants arrive. Of course, they’re not servants at all but fellow dead souls come to break the news.

Oblivious, the family think their home is haunted by former residents. But they’re the ghosts, the spirits who won’t release the house they’re attached to.

Essentially, this story is inverted. The living family, the one whose story we usually hear, is pushed into the margins. Instead, we hear from the poltergeists – sad souls who’ve lost their way.

Keep in mind there are two twists to the film. The first is that Mrs Mills (Fionnula Flanagan) and co. are dead – but this red herring isn’t the full story. Mrs Mills, Mr Tuttle and Lydia are part of a framework that repeatedly misdirects us.

Gothic misdirection in The Others

The Others is a Gothic-inspired ghost story – a framework that blinds us to some fairly rampant clues throughout the film.

It takes place shortly after the second world war, which explains the deathly quiet and isolation: many people were evacuated or never returned from combat. As per the Gothic fictions of Poe et al, the family at the heart of the story come from old money and good breeding; they have servants and a sprawling estate.

Most of us don’t live like this, yet we buy into their plight as though it’s our own. How come? Well, the cues – the mist, large house, breeding, isolation and illness – tell us this family are in peril long before Anne (Alakina Mann) mentions ghosts.

You don’t need to recognise these as Gothic or horror cues to know what they mean; regardless, they brew an unmistakable atmosphere of dread. See also Rosemary’s Baby, an urban horror movie which, like The Others, draws us in by invoking our fears of being alone.

We’re also primed to champion the underdog in fiction – people who are disadvantaged or who have some unjust hurdle to overcome. It even works when characters are outrageously wealthy: Inheritance and The Game use dead fathers to similar effect.

Grace, struggling alone with young children and grief, deserves our sympathy – even after we discover her crime. Anne says Grace has mad fits (a very Gothic illness), while the children themselves – like tiny vampires – can’t bear sunlight.

In the end, though, we do do most of the heavy lifting ourselves. We assume the family are living, because that’s where most stories start. And, in looking for underdogs, we overlook the obvious.

Unwrapping the twist

After the film’s dramatic reveal, the plot rearranges itself right in front of us. In fact, the film sprinkles its hidden knowledge liberally across the story but, because of frameworks and assumptions, we don’t spot them.

  • The opening credits begin as an illustration of Grace’s Biblical bedtime story, then show scenes from the film before ending with a children’s puppet going to heaven.
  • “Don’t let that angel face fool you,” Mrs Mills says of Lydia … who is indeed dead.
  • Everyone says Charles is dead, yet he turns up at the house (like Grace, he doesn’t know he’s dead). Grace tells him she loved him … using the past tense.
  • Anne asks what happens to people when they die in the war. She means do they go to heaven or hell, but the question is also about Charles.
  • Grace tells Anne and Nicholas about children’s limbo, a place between heaven and hell for the souls of unbaptised infants (see also The Witch). This is where they are now.
  • “We’ll never go anywhere”, Anne declares. It sounds like a tantrum but she’s telling us the truth. They can’t leave the estate (compare how the fog stops Grace visiting the priest). Grace complains the other servants left knowing she too couldn’t leave the house.
  • Because of their illness, Grace treats the children like dead or dying possessions, in darkened, locked rooms and wrapped in shrouds. She doesn’t want them to go into the light – also a metaphor for the soul’s transition into the afterlife.
  • Anne tells us ghosts wear white sheets – then drapes herself in a communion dress and veil.
  • When Grace thinks her daughter is possessed, Anne blurts out the truth: “she won’t stop until she kills us!”

“I already told you my children are photosensitive. The light will kill them!”

Grace

Steering the suspense

Having hidden its surprise in plain view, the film distracts us with more of those horror cues.

The war-time setting, plus the children’s photosensitivity shrouds the house in almost perpetual darkness – always handy in a horror movie.

Mills, Tuttle and Lydia are servants, so are from a lower social class. They’re coarse in comparison to Grace’s refinement and poise. She and the children are young – Tuttle and Mills are old. The Nanny and The Witch uses these same oppositions to craft their horror, too.

As a result, we peg the servants as somehow frightening long before Anne finds their graves, masking the bigger truth.

Our fears of old age are enough to paint Mills and Tuttle (Eric Sykes) as ominous characters, even though Sykes was best known as a comedian.

Young children are also horror movie staples. They represent the contradictions of innocence and creepiness, plus horror’s taboo [fantasy] wish fulfilment of seeing harm done to children.

In telling Nicholas scary stories, it’s the audience Anne is trying to spook. She runs the mechanism, explaining and drawing how ghosts look and act; she alone can see them at first.

The film then introduces yet more disturbing elements, such as the postmortem photo albums (which have historically been a real thing).

Grief and mirrors

If we’re playing horror genre bingo, grief is the trump card. After all, horror is a means of inspecting our beliefs – and fears – about life after death.

When someone we love dies, sometimes part of us dies too – or so it can feel. Grace calls life after Charles the dark, a prison, and that’s what the house becomes – a physical manifestation of grief. Photosensitivity is merely the hook; the locked doors and darkened rooms mirror the madness of losing love.

Grace also takes on the deadening of her grief quite literally. She kills her children and then herself.

“Death of a loved one can lead people to do the strangest things”

Mrs mills

Later this grief extends to their home. “This house is ours,” they chant, reminiscent of the old man who declares “my house!” in The Conjuring 2.

This is the other sense of possession, incidentally: it’s not just about demons, but an act of ownership and the threat once more of loss.

Similarly, the house becomes a beacon for the dead – drawing to it those souls who wander.

This revelation brings the story back from its inverted position. Now we recognise the family for what they are: the tragic dead who don’t know they’re lost, and who won’t share their home with the living.

The film shows us this movement between inverted perception and [the film’s] reality through reflected surfaces. The house is filled with mirrors – a hint that we may not be seeing things exactly as they are.

And in the possession scene, when Anne appears to transform into an old woman, the scene flips repeatedly between hallucination and reality through mirror reflections.

Othering

The story’s twist is presented as buried knowledge that comes to light. There’s the photo hidden under the bed, and the graves – literally, the bodies buried under the garden.

The film begins and ends with a bedtime story, yet the two halves don’t quite meet.

In the opening credits, the story repeats Grace’s unshakeable beliefs (“There are things your mother doesn’t want to hear,” Mrs Mills says). But by the end, she has no certainty of anything any more.

Grace’s stories and home schooling also introduce a grim religiosity that’s of little comfort to Anne and Nicholas. In the end, the dark fairy tale of children’s limbo comes to define their fates.

Their joyless faith is part of their exceptionalism, however. It’s one more of many things that stand them apart from the rest of existence (and plays into Grace’s denial of being dead).

At first, ‘the others’ are the servants who vanished without a trace. When Grace and Charles talk of the futility of war, ‘the others’ means the outside world:

“Why did you go and fight that stupid war that had nothing to do with us? Why didn’t you stay like the others did?”

Eventually, the intruders are ‘the others’: the shadow family that will threaten to erase their existence (see also Us).

But of course, when the story turns right-way up, Grace and the children are the others. They’re the family we think stands for us in cinema’s eternal battle of good and evil; in the end, they’re the very thing we pity and fear.


The Others (2001), directed by Alejandro Amenábar

What to read or watch next
  • Sixth Sense (the twist)
  • 1408 (horror, grief, parents)
  • The Grey, Shutter Island (grief, delusion)
  • Poltergeist, The Ring (horror, childhood)
  • The Exorcist (childhood, possession)
  • The Conjuring 2 (haunted houses, possession)
  • The Turn of the Screw / The Innocents (Gothic horror, big houses, children)
  • The Omen (horror, children, mirroring)

Picture credit: Florian Lidin

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