Passengers (2016) explained: fairy tales in space

Sci-fi romance Passengers asks big questions about love, consent and our future in the stars.

What is Passengers about?

The spaceship Avalon is en route to new planet Homestead II. It’s transporting 5,000 colonists plus crew, all asleep in hibernation pods.

The colonists plan on starting a new life far from Earth. But 30 years into the journey, a meteor strike causes a malfunction that wakes passenger Jim Preston (Chris Pratt) way too early.

Once awake, Preston he can’t put himself back to sleep for the remaining 90-year trip. He then wakes fellow passenger, Aurora Lane (Jennifer Lawrence) – marooning them both on a malfunctioning spacecraft with no hope of rescue.

How Passengers is a fairy tale

In Disney’s 1959 animation, Sleeping Beauty, evil fairy Maleficent curses Princess Aurora to die before her 16th birthday.

But, rather than dying, her fairy godmothers fix it so that Aurora will fall into a deep sleep – a spell that can be broken by true love.

Passengers mixes this fairy tale foundation with elements from Snow White.

Snow White is similarly cursed for her beauty by an evil old woman. She bites a poisoned apple and falls into a deathly sleep. She’s placed to rest in a glass coffin, where she stays until a passing prince falls in love with her looks. He kisses her, waking her from her slumber.

Passengers mixes these classic fairy tale tropes with a modern twist:

  • Jim Preston spies Aurora asleep in her glass coffin (hibernation pod)
  • He falls in love with her and wakes her up
  • But Jim’s actions don’t end ‘happily ever after’. By waking Aurora early, he imprisons her on the ship for 90 years.
  • Jim and Aurora fall in love. But when Aurora finds out what Jim has done, she’s furious.
  • The Avalon starts malfunctioning, putting all 5,000+ passengers at risk.
  • Jim dies trying to stop the ship from exploding. Aurora rescues him, places him in a medical pod – another kind of glass coffin – and brings him back to life … through true love.

Like these traditional fairy tales, Passengers begins with a man deciding the romantic fate of the woman he loves. But it ends with the princess becoming the action hero, and finally deciding her own fate.

Fairy tales and consent

It’s fitting that Passengers is loosely modelled on Sleeping Beauty and Snow White, because its big question is about consent.

Traditional fairy tales have troubling attitudes towards female consent.

Of course, we’ve inherited these from times when women didn’t have rights. Women were considered their father’s property until marriage, and then they belonged to their husbands. For a prince to kiss Snow White and Sleeping Beauty without consent wasn’t seen as problematic so much as aspirational.

Passengers does a good job of inspecting what this looks like in modern times. Like a fairy tale prince, Jim Preston falls in love with the sleeping Aurora. He then convinces himself that it’s OK to violate her privacy and human rights. Aurora spells out why this wrong:

“He took my life away … it’s murder”

Later, Jim is willing to sacrifice himself to save the other 5,000 passengers onboard. This is a way of redeeming himself in Aurora’s eyes (and assuaging his guilt). By stepping up with truly heroic actions, he becomes a more worthwhile prince.

In this way, the film doesn’t stray too far from those original fairy tale tropes. Like Snow White and Sleeping Beauty, Aurora Lane overlooks the violation done to her because of love (or, arguably, because it’s the safer thing to do).

However, the film makes this more palatable.

By turning Aurora into the prince figure, she gains power and becomes an equal worthy of the hero’s love (a common twist in the romance genre).

At this point, Jim belatedly gives her back her agency. This time, when asked if she’d like to return to stasis, Aurora chooses to live in the moment with him.

Is there a message in Passengers?

Aurora learns to appreciate happiness right now, rather than pinning it on future events or achievements. She says they (and we) are passengers because we’re not the architects of our futures. Fate can take us to quite different ends. But it’s possible to still be happy with whatever you have at the time.

In 1999 sci-fi classic, The Matrix, Neo learns that most people are ‘asleep’. He gets to choose to wake up and live in the moment. On the Avalon, being asleep also stands for being blind to the present moment. When Aurora wakes up … she ‘wakes up’ to a new perspective.

5 parallels in the plot of Passengers

  1. The original Avalon is the legendary island of Arthurian folklore. When android bartender Arthur tells Jim that he’s never been stranded on an island, it’s only half true. They’re all stranded onboard the Avalon.
  2. Arthur’s only role in Passengers is to give Aurora a way of finding out Jim woke her on purpose.
  3. There are shades of Adam and Eve. Jim brings Aurora ‘to life’ without her say so. They live together as the only humans. When the rest of the ship awakens, they’ve transformed Avalon into a Garden of Eden.
  4. Laurence Fishburne plays Gus Mancuso in Passengers. He also plays Morpheus in The Matrix.
  5. For more space sagas involving a sleeping crew, see the unparalleled Ulysses 31.

Passengers (2016), directed by Morten Tyldum

Other films similar to Passengers
  • The Fifth Element (sci-fi with fairy tale elements)
  • The Matrix (sci-fi, fairy tales, religion, enduring love)
  • Prometheus (sci-fi, colonisation, religious metaphors)
  • The Abyss (sci-fi, enduring love)

Picture credit: Alexander Andrews